Folklore and folk music
In Poland there is a division of the country into regions, i.e. ethnographic units, differing characteristics of folk culture in dress, songs, music, speech (dialect) and dance.
We distinguish currently 16 regions folk music in Poland:
Kashuby (West), Greater Poland, Lubusz Land, Warmia and Masuria, Pomerania Province, Mazovia, Podlasie, Kurps, Lublin, Łowickie, Sieradz, Kielce, Krakow, Podhale, Silesia, Rzeszów.
Folk music as an element of folklore
Folk Music in Poland is part of the culture and traditions mainly of the peasants . Folk music as culture is not homogeneous. This is what country people sang or played could be ‘ own ‘ or assimilated and adapted to changing needs. Generally speaking folk music is everything that rural people create and perform solo and as a team .
In past centuries, folk music was a thriving area of our culture. In the twentieth century , this music began to fade , however , as fewer and fewer young people themselves singing and dancing . We are seeing a gradual blurring of the differences between the way of life in rural and urban areas . Today, authentic folk music can be heard already very rare , yet it grows the oldest generation , or young people and children, who belong to the folk .
Folk music formerly passed through oral tradition from father to son. Currently made recordings of folk singers and instrumentalists , in order to preserve their art for future generations. Operate regional song and dance festivals are held annually , which are presented songs and dances .
Such festivals are held in Zakopane , in Kazimierz on the Vistula River, in Rzeszow and other cities.
Making music and singing always accompanied by family ceremonies such as baptisms, wedding , or a funeral . Singing also greeted the new season ( spring – melting Morena , and initiated and terminated work in the field, such as harvest ) .
In each region, country music, dance, folk costume is slightly different. It has a very colorful and interesting colors. In some regions, such as:
In Wielkopolska – tunes are fast and fun. The band plays such dances as cheers, Let’s go, walcerek. Very fast songs to WIWAT are full of humor and verve.
In Kurpie – in the north eastern part of Mazovia, the music is completely different. Surroundings are devoid of fertile land. People living there are rather poor, there are more sad songs, slow, minor key in the keys. There you can hear a lot of lyrical songs that are sung at a slow pace and with a loud voice. Among the dances Kurpian mention may be very fast dance called …. “Powolniak” and ado, rhythmic stomping women during singing.
In Mazowsze - Dances such as oberek and mazurka are widespread. Mazur in this region is danced as a dance vortex, the line of a single, common for all pairs of wheels. Mazur dancing in a living, but not at a fast pace. Men and women from time to time rhythmically shout the following phrases:
“The dances, with a family of the everted Mazurkowa”
In Kujawy – where there are lowlands, the landscape is quiet, the most popular dances are kujawiaks
In Lubelskie – the eastern Polish territories, we find even today the old ritual wedding songs, and songs harvesting, sung once while working in the field.
In the Beskid Mountains and the Carpathians – we can hear music of Żywiec and Podhale highlanders. Music is distinguished by spontaneity, the singing men, followed by dances in a bipartite meter, such as a chair whose pace is getting faster.
In Podhale – dances accompanied by the band, consisting of first and second violins, and basses that play usually only two low thanks. Highlander music is expressive, energetic, rhythmic, full of loud shouts. The distinctiveness of music highlanders of Podhale, shall inter alia polyphonic singing, unknown in the folk traditions of other Polish regions.
Popularization of Polish folklore is dealt with state-owned units, of which the most famous are: